Peace through practical, proved civil defence for credible war deterrence
  • Credible nuclear deterrence of invasions and conventional wars reduce the risk of large nuclear wars occurring through escalation of conventional wars. Contrary to irrational, pseudo-scientific propaganda, the number of nuclear weapons is smaller than the millions of conventional weapons used in large wars and the correct scaling shows that the overall effects are similar, not massively different as often claimed for political propaganda by enemies of peace. Furthermore, the greater time delay of effects from nuclear weapons over the damaged area increases the efficiency of cheap civil defence countermeasures, as compared to conventional weapons. In conclusion, credible nuclear deterrence of conventional war offers a beautiful opportunity to create a peaceful world, free from fear peddling, ranting dictators. The only oppositions you will meet will come from authoritarian obsessed fear peddling myth makers. If they can't tell the truth and face the facts, why listen to them? Please see our post on the need to deter not only direct threats from nuclear attacks but also conventional wars and invasions that can escalate into nuclear wars (as proved by the use of nuclear weapons in WWII, for example, after they were developed during the war itself and did not trigger or provoke the war), linked here, here, here, and here, here, here, and the true scaling law equivalence between a few thousand nuclear weapons and the several million tons of small conventional weapons in a non-nuclear world war as proved by our post summarising key points in Herman Kahn's much-abused call for credible deterrence, On Thermonuclear War, linked here. Peace comes through tested, proved and practical declassified countermeasures against the effects of nuclear weapons, chemical weapons and conventional weapons. Credible deterrence to end invasions and wars comes through simple, effective protection against invasions like low yield tactical weapons and walls, and civil defence against collateral damage. Peace comes through discussions of the facts as opposed to inaccurate, misleading lies of the "disarm or be annihilated" political dogma variety, which are designed to exploit fear to close down criticisms of errors in mainstream orthodoxy. In particular, please see the post linked here on EMP results from an actual Russian 300 kt test at 290 km altitude over unwarned civilian infrastructure in Kazakhstan on 22 October 1962, which caused no injuries or deaths whatsoever (contrary to all of Jeremy Corbyn and CND style lying propaganda that any use of nuclear weapons on civilians would automatically kill millions), but shut down the communications and power supply lines! This is not secret, but does not make newspaper headlines to debunk CND style dogmas on the alleged incredibility of nuclear deterrence.

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  • Thursday, August 25, 2016

    Investigation of the Gamma Radiation Hazards Incident to an Underwater Atomic Explosion



    ABOVE: Original Top Secret version of the BAKER nuclear test underwater burst fallout pattern (reprinted with ships positions deleted and less detail of hotspots in DASA 1251, the fallout patterns compendium), from Strope's Investigation of the Gamma Radiation Hazards Incident to an Underwater Atomic Explosion, a vital report listed on the U.S. Department of Energy website without a PDF; but they kindly scanned it in and emailed it to me last week, so it's now available for everyone to read and download on Scribd and also at Internet Archive, https://archive.org/details/Strope.

    We have uploaded to Scribd and Internet Archive a PDF of Walmer E. Strope's brilliant classic, originally classified March 1948 report deriving the 25 July 1946 CROSSROADS BAKER underwater nuclear test fallout and base surge dose patterns from the raw data (dose rate meters, film badge doses and films of the fallout plumes being deposited on the various ships or passing by them), Investigation of the Gamma Radiation Hazards Incident to an Underwater Atomic Explosion, U.S. Defense Nuclear Agency document DNA-6032F-C.8.4 and NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive report NV0048674.  This 110 pages report was kindly scanned and emailed to me by Nevada NNSA.

    Although the fallout dose rate pattern for 1 hour after burst extracted from this report has been published before, the detailed information in it is vital to determining accurately the accumulated doses which depend on the arrival times of the fallout.  Strope discusses how he researched the report in his recent 32 chapter autobiography, Autobiography of a Nerd.  Fallout arrival times and integrated doses are vital for determining the ability to evacuate or shelter from the fallout in a terrorist event, like an improvised nuclear device detonated inside the cargo freight of a ship, off the coast of a city.

    Jerry Strope (Walmer E. Strope), Autobiography of a Nerd, Chapter 6, At The Crossroads (pages 79-92):

    "We met at Union Station on the cold gray Sunday morning of April 28, 1946, more or less prepared to ride the train across the country to San Francisco, where we would board the USS Wharton for the voyage to Bikini Atoll in the south Pacific. In addition to myself, there were the staff of the Ship Protection Section of Preliminary Design: LTC Dave Savaker, Henry Cochrane, Woody Armstrong, Charlie Ksanda, and Ken Lovell. With us were engineers and technicians from other parts of Buships, mostly strangers whom we would get to know well in the next six months. Forty or fifty strong, the Buships contingent to Operation Crossroads left Washington knowing little of what was to come. ...

    "... During the spring of 1947, some of the results of the radiological measurements on the ships at Bikini began to come in. ... . I laid out a plot of the target array on my drafting board and began to plot the raw measurement data. I wasn’t quite sure what I was looking for but I knew what it was when I found it. Some of the ships showed higher readings than ships closer in to the burst. This should not have occurred if the base surge was the contaminating mechanism. I called the anomaly to Muddy’s attention. After some discussion, we decided to pursue the matter further. We needed the film badge data from the target ships, which would give us the total radiation exposure to compare with the contamination measurements. The film badge data for some reason were Top Secret. So we applied for a Top Secret clearance. Meanwhile, I began to refine the contamination data by adjusting to a common measurement time. ...

    "All that summer I worked on the contamination patterns from the Crossroads underwater shot. I obtained dozens of photographs of the event: the luminous bulge, the white stem of water rising, the cauliflower cloud forming, the base surge at the foot of the collapsing column and the pendulous plumes dropping down from the cloud onto the ships in the target array. Some amateur photogrammetry proved that the location of these plumes matched the areas of high contamination measurements. I was convinced that most of the contamination came from the cloud fallout and not from the base surge. (I liked the word ‘fallout’ and was one of the first to use it.) ... Labor Day 1947 came and went. The Top Secret clearance seemed bogged down somewhere. Finally it arrived on the third of October. I requested the film badge data. ... The film badge data arrived. It confirmed my analysis of the contamination measurements. Moreover, by analyzing those target ships that were not under a fallout plume but were enveloped by the base surge, I concluded that over 90 percent of the radioactivity had come from cloud fallout and less than 10 percent from the base surge. We put the report to bed in January of 1948 and it was distributed as a Bureau of Ships classified report in March of that year. It bore one of my typical grandiose titles: Investigation of the Gamma Radiation Hazards Incident to an Underwater Atomic Explosion."

    UPDATE: 31 August 2016

    NATURE OF THE RADIOACTIVE DEBRIS AND NUCLEAR RADIATION ASSOCIATED WITH AN UNDERWATER NUCLEAR EXPLOSION, Secret - Restricted Data, DASA-1420, report 0117443[377394], uploaded to Scribd and also to Internet Archive

    This comprehensive, formerly Secret-Restricted Data report by U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory staff Edward A. Schuert (who proved the validity of the hand fallout forecast at four hydrogen bomb tests of Operation Redwing, Bikini Atoll, 1956) and Louis B. Werner (the chemist who isolated plutonium for the first time in World War II), was kindly scanned and emailed to me by the NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive, which had the report's description but no PDF readily available on its database:





    UPDATE ON THE VICE CHAIR OF CND (Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament) AND LABOUR LEADER, THE CIVIL DEFENCE HATER JEREMY CORBYN, AND HIS ORWELLIAN HABIT OF RENAMING SOCIAL DIVISION "MULTICULTURALISM" FOR DIVIDE-AND-RULE RACE-WARFARE, CLASS-WARFARE, ANTI-DETERRENCE, ANTI- NUCLEAR, ANTI-CIVIL DEFENCE, FEAR-MONGERING, HATRED INCITING TERRORIST THUGGERY




    Above: In the previous post we examined how hard left wing fear mongering anti deterrence and civil defence hatred promoters have been promoting racist multiculturalism in the way Stalin and Hitler did.  Unless we get a handle on dealing with those who rant and promote dishonest agendas, progress will not be made to tackling terrorism by means that have been tried and tested at great cost.